Carbon-neutral is a state of net-zero carbon dioxide emissions. This can be achieved by balancing emissions of carbon dioxide with its removal or by eliminating emissions from society. Carbon-negativity is a state where a country offsets more carbon dioxide than it produces. That country is Bhutan, a landlocked country in the Eastern Himalayas, located between China and India.
Most countries produce far more carbon dioxide than the world’s oceans and plants can absorb. These countries are contributing to the effects of climate change in a big way.
The Kingdom of Bhutan stands out from the crowd. More than 70% of the country is covered in trees. This large amount of tree cover has seen Bhutan becoming a carbon sink – meaning that it absorbs more carbon dioxide than it produces. Bhutan’s forests have the capacity to absorb millions of tons of carbon dioxide annually.
Bhutan also exports most of the renewable hydroelectric power that it generates from its rivers. This massively counteracts the country’s contribution to carbon emissions each year.