Hydrogen production: a hybrid source of energy

In Conference of Parties- 26 (CoP-26) summit in Glasgow, India aimed to get net-zero carbon emission by 2070. It is the only major economy in the world that has achieved and envisioned to keep temperature rise below 2°C as agreed in Paris in 2015. Approximate 75% of the country’s energy demand requirements are fulfilled by Coal and Oil.

Hydrogen energy can be an effective replacement to minimize the use of fossil fuels for energy production. Hydrogen can be an effective weapon that can provide the solution to de-carbonize the macro-industrial sectors like our cement, steel, and refinery. It is cost-effective and can provide low-cost decarbonization solutions avoiding up to 80 gigatons of CO2 from the environment per year.

Nuclear energy can be a remarkably effective solution to power electrolysis processes (splitting the water molecule in hydrogen and oxygen) to produce hydrogen. This hydrogen is produced from clean energy with no carbon emission so it can be considered Green Hydrogen. Different technologies of hydrogen production can be coupled inside the nuclear power plant like high-temperature electrolysis, thermochemical water splitting from heat, and conventional electrolysis process from electricity to ramp up the production.

India has been extensively investing to ramp up nuclear power production and continuously improving in technological advancements to create AHWR (Advanced Heavy Water Reactor), FBRs (Fast Breeder Reactors), and SMRs (Small Modular Reactors). India has vast thorium reserves so in future India will produce its fuel for its nuclear reactors. It will also be cost-effective because, it will drastically reduce the import duties and that money can be used to develop more electricity production based on hydrogen, develop fuel cell technologies for the transport sector, build infrastructure to sustain the hydrogen economy in the country.

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