Nuclear technology is not just providing a carbon-free source of energy but also aiding to tackle the severe water crises. The application of nuclear technology is providing solutions to tackle the worldwide problem of water crises and drought. With Zimbabwe facing serious water crises and drought, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is working towards possible solutions by providing scientific assistance, technological guidelines, and training to the local experts and working in partnership with local Zimbabwean authorities.
Radiotracing is a technique where atoms of a particular substance are replaced by the radioisotope, labelling the compound in the process. These labelled compounds can now be used to map the surface water and groundwater interactions and also river flow patterns. Carbon-14 dating is a method used to measure the age of objects which contain carbon. This method is used to determine the age of the natural water sources which further helps in scientific research. Spectrometers are used to measure the tiny concentrations of elements present in any substance. Here it is used to determine the concentration of different pollutants present in the water sources of the country. This can help the local authorities to make certain and useful water management guidelines to provide safe and clean water to the people.
IAEA has started a “Technical Co-operation Programme” collaborated with the University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe National Authority, Environmental Research and Management Agency, and Helmholtz Centre of Environmental Research Leipzig, Germany. This program focuses on providing nuclear technology, knowledge, and awareness to the local experts and residents. This program is helping the people by solving the water crises in Africa and providing employment opportunities to the local people.